Human rights risk assessment considers potential business or governmental actions that affect the human rights of affected populations. This process is a dynamic one taking into consideration both external factors that can impact the enterprise or project but also internal business practices that can alter the project environment, thereby introducing new risks for the enterprise or project. A human rights risk assessment considers (1) the strength and urgency of the human rights issues caused by business or governmental (in)action, (2) the influence of the rights holders and their representatives on the affected rights and corresponding duties and (3) the types and probability of government or business actions which could mitigate violations of those rights holders. This analysis provides a broad understanding of the impacts and risks to the business enterprise or development project under consideration beyond financial and political considerations.